TANGAN EMAS: Sustainable Development of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Indonesia
Partners: Global Affairs Canada and Yayasan Tambuhak Sinta
Our Indonesia project aims to improve incomes, health, and the environment of the vulnerable and marginalized men and women dependent on the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) economy in targeted areas in Indonesia. The project focuses on several key ASGM provinces: Central Kalimantan, South Kalimantan, Java and Sulawesi. There, we will improve mining, environmental and social practices for men and women involved in the ASGM, including introduction and popularization of non-chemical alternatives to mercury in gold processing. The project also supports targeted subnational governments to better collaborate with the formal extractive sector and supports the formalization of ASGM activities through legal trade of responsible artisanal gold and value-added products in domestic and international markets.
The project has 3 main pillars: (1) provide training on better practices for men and women miners; (2) provide training to targeted government and civil society groups on ASGM regulation and management; and (3) establish collaborative mechanisms with other relevant initiatives promoting responsible gold and diversification of the ASGM economy. This initiative supports the Government of Indonesia’s implementation of the Minamata Convention on mercury, its National Development Plan and Master Plan for Economic Development (2011 – 2025), and the principles of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals.
National Action Plan (NAP) on Mercury for the Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Sector (ASGM)
Partners: United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Global Environment Facility (GEF)
As the artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) sector is a major source of mercury release and environmental pollution in the world, the Minamata Convention requires countries which determine that ASGM activities are more than insignificant in their territory to develop a national action plan (NAP) to reduce, and where feasible, eliminate the use of mercury and mercury compounds within three years of the treaty entering into force.
Within each country the AGC will develop a national analysis of the ASGM sector, including a baseline inventory of mercury use and mining practices. The analysis will provide the basis for identifying national objectives, as well as setting targets and strategies to eliminate worst practices and facilitate the formalization of the sector.
The intent of working on each NAP is also to improve the health of the miners and ASGM communities by developing a public health strategy for the sector. The strategy will be based on the health situation and institutional capacity needs assessments that will be conducted by the AGC.
Awareness will be raised on the risks of mercury use and also on the development of the NAP among relevant stakeholders. To conclude, the AGC will support these governments to endorse their NAPs, define schedules for their implementation and officially submit them to the Minamata Convention Secretariat.
Philippines and Mongolia
Global Opportunities for the Long-Term Development of the ASGM Sector
Partners: GEF and UNIDO
In the Phillipines and Mongolia the AGC is working to bring positive changes to the countrys’ artisanal gold sector in innovative ways. The project will help the countries to significantly reduce mercury use in ASGM mining and improve the lives of miners, in part by developing responsible gold value chains that provide better incomes and opportunities to miners while incentivizing responsible ASGM production.
Working with our local and international partners, the AGC will help to develop new financial tools that will allow miners to sell gold more directly to the domestic and international market while capturing a greater share of the value of the gold they produce. Increased revenues and state financing programs will allow miners to reinvest some of their profits in their operations and their communities to achieve positive social and environmental change. At the same time, the project will help to improve and where necessary, develop policy tools and local capacities to manage mercury use and steer the sector towards greater responsible gold production. Finally, we will build on the past success of our pilot mercury-free processing system in Zopal by developing new programs to train miners in mercury-free techniques and supporting the replication of mercury-free systems across the country.
Currently in the project design phase, this project is expected to begin in 2018.